30 Jan Black and White Photography Some Common Mistakes
shooting in format JPEG
Difference between RAW and JPEG
To understand why, you need to evaluate the difference between Raw and JPEG. Raw files contain all the information received by the camera sensor. The Raw file is not a finished image. It must be processed (using software like Lightroom or Adobe Camera Raw) and converted to a JPEG or TIFF file in order to be usable.
You can think of a Raw file as the equivalent of a negative (as in film photography). You cannot send a Raw file to a photo bank or magazine, as you cannot with a negative. The Raw file must first be processed (or developed and processed on the negative).
The JPEG file is created using the camera. It takes the information recorded by the sensor, processes it (as you would do with Raw files in Lightroom, but according to the parameters built into the camera), compresses it, discards unused information, and saves it as a JPEG. These files do not need to be processed in programs such as Photoshop or Lightroom, although most of them can be improved this way.
Benefits of shooting RAW
Using the Raw format gives you the following benefits.
Control: you process the file yourself, not leave it to the camera. You can do this to your liking from a stylistic point of view. Using Raw allows you to interpret the file in as many ways as you want. Using JPEG means that the file is interpreted in only one way – the way the camera does it.
More data: A Raw file contains a lot more information than a JPEG , especially in highlights and shadows, which you can stretch out during processing. The additional information helps prevent streaking in areas with a smooth, continuous tone, like a clear sky.
Trying to save photos by making them black and white
Black and white photography is not a way to save poorly executed color photographs. If your image is poor in color, it will be poor and black and white (although there are always photos that look better in black and white for compositional reasons).
There’s nowhere to hide in black and white. In color, if the lighting or composition isn’t as good as we would like, the emotional impact of the color can save the image (or, depending on how you look at it, hide imperfections). Black and white images are based on factors such as tonal contrast, texture detail, lines, and strong composition.
improper photo processing
Before digital cameras and Lightroom complemented each other, many photographers used professional printers to print their images. Creating the highest quality black and white prints in the darkroom is very difficult and often only done by professionals.
Therefore, photographers all their time concentrated on photography, and trusted printing specialists. Probably the most popular professional printer in Britain is Robin Bell, who has worked with such famous people as David Bailey, Terry O’Neill and Eva Arnold.
These days, it is much easier to create beautiful black and white images in programs like Lightroom, Photoshop or Silver Efex Pro 2 than it is to master the chemistry of a darkroom. But, unfortunately, many photographers can’t handle the basics. As a result, their black and white photographs are not as beautiful as they could be.
shooting in a bad light
One of the advantages of black and white photography is that you can often shoot under lighting conditions that are not suitable for color photography. For example, on a cloudy day, you can create a beautiful seascape using a tripod and a ND filter (called long exposure photography). Although for a color image, you would have to shoot closer to sunset or dawn to get a beautiful scene.+
But some people use black and white photography to shoot in lighting conditions that are simply not suitable for the chosen subject. Using black and white photography is not the solution. Finding the match of light to an object is an important skill. It will take some time, but it is very important to study it. Don’t be lazy just because it’s a black and white photo.
not having a strong composition
Black and white photography is a real test of your composition skills. The best monochrome images contain visual elements such as tonal contrast, texture, lines, shape, pattern, and negative space. The emotional power of color can hide imperfections in a composition. But you can’t hide anything in black and white photography. It is necessary to have an understanding of how to effectively use the building blocks of the composition.
Black and white photography gave rise to all modern photography and, despite the fact that it appeared in the century before last, interest in it continues to this day. However, the question of which scenes look better in monochrome has not lost its relevance. Anna Togg shares a simple technique she uses to give her black and white photographs the most flexibility.
One was charged with color film, the other was black and white. Even so, when I was going to take a black and white photo, before pressing the shutter button, I had to decide whether I wanted to take a photo in color or monochrome.
I confess, there were several cases when I filmed the same scene with both cameras at once. But if you paid for the film.
These days, digital cameras allow you to capture an image in color, and then do whatever your heart desires with it: invert it to monochrome, bi-color, or apply a cross-processing effect to it. To see them, you need to study. For example, you can’t use lines in a composition until you can see straight, diagonal, and curved lines in the scene.
The good news is that once you understand the basic concepts of composition in black and white photography, you can instinctively apply them to color images.